The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of end range loading (ERL) vs harmonic technique (HT) on patients with chronic low back pain (LBP).


Strength training (ST) and/or electrical stimulation (ES) are two methods that have been prescribed for muscles improvement. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of six weeks of strength training and combined technique on maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) in plantar flexor muscles after 4 weeks of detraining.


Stroke is the most common and debilitating neurological disorder among adults, and is a sudden onset of neurological signs caused by brain blood vessels impairments.


Some new therapeutic methods focus on the use of magnetic stimulation to produce therapeutic effects by inducing the currents. The aim of this study is to determine the effects of rTMS plus routine rehabilitation on hand grip and wrist motor functions in patients with hemiplegia, and compare with pure routine rehabilitation programs.

Mohammad Reza Nourbakhsh, PT, PhD, Amir Massoud Arab, PT, MSc

Study Design: A multifactorial cross-sectional nonexperimental design. Objectives: To collectively investigate the association among 17 mechanical factors and occurrence of low back pain (LBP). Background: Several physical characteristics, based on assumptions, clinical findings, and scientific experiments, have been associated with the development of LBP. Controversy exists regarding the degree of association between some of these physical characteristics and LBP. Information regarding the degree of association of each factor to LBP is needed for effective prevention and appropriate treatment strategies.

Objective: To determine if combining intermittent cervical traction with conventional physical therapy methods is more effective than using conventional approaches alone in the improvement of the grip strength and treatment of the patients with unilateral cervical 7 (C7) radiculopathy.

Design: Randomized controlled trial (RCT).

Setting: An outpatient physical therapy clinic, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Iran.